Thursday, June 24, 2010

September 30th Movement

September 30th Movement

Until 1965, the PKI had mastered many of mass organization that was established by Sukarno to strengthen support for his regime and, with the approval of Sukarno, began a campaign to establish a "Fifth Generation" by arming its supporters. Military leaders opposed this.

On September 30, 1965, six senior generals and some other people were killed in a coup attempt blamed on the guards loyal to the Communist Party. Commander of the Army Strategic Command at the time, Major General Soeharto suppressed the coup and turned against the PKI. Suharto then use this situation to take over power. More than tens of thousands of people accused of communist and then murdered. Total death toll reaches at least 500 000 in 1966; the worst occurred in Java and Bali.

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