Wednesday, August 25, 2010

Environment and Natural Resources Nature in East Timor East Timor is not so rich in natural resources

Low rainfall and soil less productive. However, one of the natural resources that can be take advantage - if exploited for economic East Timor - are the sources of gas and oil earth contained in the Timor Gap. Sources of wealth oil and gas in the Timor Gap is considered commensurate
sources the most productive in the world. If exported, the products that have value sustainable, such as organic coffee, can also generate foreign exchange. Ecotourism is also one one industry can play a key role on East Timor's economic development.
East Timorese are in the eastern part of Timor island, the dramatic topography, and dominated by
Ramelau mountains. Different from the islands neighbors, on the island of Timor there is no volcano. Island Timor is part of the continent being cut off. The ground derived from limestone and clay that have marine metamorphosed, and that no land sesubur
derived from volcanic rock. Of course, infertility is an inherent problem in the lands tropics, because of decomposition of organic materials occurred relatively easily and quickly. Moreover, the land area East Timor is a steep mountain slope is very broad,
and also tend to be shallow soil. Therefore, very easily eroded. Erosion problem is compounded
by deforestation and grazing. On rainy season, when high rainfall fitting, many top soil is lost. Continuous erosion causes sedimentation of rivers and reservoirs.
Because it is located in a rain shadow, East Timor very dry. Watershed in East Timor
halved by the middle of the mountains of East Timor. Because of the narrowness of the island of Timor, the flow of the river is very short, and only a few rivers
flow throughout the year. The northern part is very dry, and characterized by savanna grasslands that every year burned. According to current estimates, formerly East Timor covered by forest, which he lost due to berkembnagnya human civilization, and their activities which included the burning of forests and forest logging for planting, hunting and grazing.
causing the loss of most of the original forest. Now, the forest is very thin in East Timor, and the vegetation consists of forests that were planted back, savanna and grassland. Various aspects of the ecology flora and fauna of East Timor still needs to be examined more information.
Fauna of East Timor have this level of endemism the highest in the Northeast region. Although
Thus, many species of animals in East Timor threatened with extinction, especially the kinds of animals rely on dwindling forests due logging. Various kinds of marine animals are also threatened
extinct. Most of the coastal regions of East Timor votes still original. Mangrove ecosystems are still in good condition, and many beaches surrounded by coral reefs. Stone these corals have important ecological functions. The coral reef is also the source of the fishing industry in coastal areas, and as a potential tourist objects, has a key role in the development of ecotourism industry. At this time in East Timor did not have waste management system. This is what is
The main environmental problems in the area urban areas. For example, the city of Dili does not have good dirty water management system, as well as systems for collection and disposal of sewage in Dili. Sewage illegally in Dili and cause the piling garbage in the surrounding some particular place. Therefore there is no system waste management, water under the ground-water sources drinking population of Dili - become contaminated. Sustainable development can not be considered
if the impacts of climate change are numerous. Climate change caused by global warming has caused many disasters that affect health and living conditions many people around world.

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